For the Thanksgiving press: “Aperture or f/stop?”

A quick word from our photographer at Foe-toss -LIGHT before we begin snapping photos of the next family gathering for the Thanksgiving holiday!

“As I take indoor shots of a room or the people in it, I have to be very careful to monitor my camera’s shutter speed. If I let the shutter slow 1/15 to 1/30 of a second I will find my photos becoming blurry. Here are a few ways that you can effectively change you shutter speed without going into a full manual mode.

Use the “AV” preset camera setting. “AV” stands for “Aperture Value” and as you use this preset it will adjust the other settings to properly expose the scene your camera receives. Let me explain what “Aperture” means: Aperture refers to the diameter of the opening of the diaphragm in the lens. This diaphragm is designed to open and close at precise increments to allow a specific amount of light through the sensor (which used to be film).

Each increment of aperture larger or smaller is described as an “f/stop”. Each “f/stop” will be shown in this format, “f/13 .”

* Note that the smaller the f/stop number (i.e. f/2) the larger the opening in the lens diaphragm and thus allowing more light into the camera. Likewise the larger the number (f/18) the smaller the diaphragm opening and lesser amounts of light entering the camera. *

The f/stop adjusts your depth of field, so be aware, that if you begin shooting with a smaller f/stop, be sure that your focal point is in focus. The smaller the f/stop means the more accurate you camera must be set for the focal object’s distance.

Light is the key to all good photographs!

Once you have the f/stop set at an acceptable place your shutter speed should change by measuring at what speed it needs to operate. (It may only change when you press the shutter button half way down to focus!)”

Thank you for reading and have a blessed Thanksgiving!

“Thank you Lord God for family to share the joys of life with and to comfort us in times of difficulty and trial. Thank you for friends who are willing to encourage us and be the friends we need! Thank you for a Savior who is family, friend and more than these to us that we may be adopted children to You and siblings to Him, Jesus the anointed lamb of God!”

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ISO

“My pictures are turning out too dark. What’s wrong with my camera?”

There are many ways to adjust your camera so that the pictures are not dark. The most important to understand is the “ISO” setting.

What is ISO? Dictionary.com says ISO is an abbreviation for International Standardization Organization.

Film was made to a standard to be able to capture objects traveling at different speeds. You do not have to think of your ISO setting as film speeds, but that is the background for it’s numbering. What you need to know is the basics of the film speed and the purpose of the speed.

ISO numbers can range from 100 to 800 with film, but almost everyone uses a digital camera now so I will speak of these numbers in digital terms, but the information is the same for film (the only difference being each film frame on one roll of film is one speed. Film frame to film frame the ISO speed never changes.) With our digital technology we are able to use higher ISO speeds, but do be aware that higher ISOs may cause you pictures to be “grainy”. Some cameras lose picture quality with higher ISOs and become very difficult to work with in lower lit areas.

How does the ISO affect the photo? The lower the ISO number the slower the object of your photograph should move. If you want to take photos of your child’s sporting event you will want to use a higher number ISO such as 800.

If your photo is too dark for you, then set a higher ISO and try bringing your shutter speed up so that you can capture faster motion.

And now you are Standardized for the International Organization. Enjoy!

Additional information can be found at: http://www.digital-photography-school.com/iso-settings